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Volume 20 - Issue 5, September-October 2018
ORIGINAL
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTIC AND DRUG UTILIZATION EVALUATION OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN PUNJAB
SHARMA AMIT, BALDI ASHISH, SHARMA DINESH KUMAR


Background: Hypertension is one of the most common worldwide diseases afflicting humans and is a major risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, vascular disease and chronic kidney disease. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), approximately 75 million adults in the United States are affected by hypertension.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate relationship of socio-demographic characteristics of hypertensive patients and to find out the current pattern of antihypertensive medication with respect to diagnosis and co-morbidity.

Method: A total of 1,150 case notes were retrieved from the medical records unit over a period of six months in major referral hospital, Faridkot and Moga, (Punjab). Information on antihypertensive prescriptions and comorbidities was retrieved. The average cost of medications and laboratory investigations was calculated.

Results: During the period of study, 1,150 patients were enrolled out of whom (55.3%) were male and (44.7%) were female irrespective to heredity. The age of patients ranged from 21-85 years with a majority of the patients in the age group between 51-60 years (38.7%). Most of the hypertensive patients were illiterate (55.3%) and unemployed (93.7%) and duration of the disease was less than five years in (34%) patients.
Among 1,150 hypertensive patients, most common symptom was found to be breathlessness in (14.7%) patients. Most of hypertensive patients have co-morbid conditions; therefore, they require more than one medication for their proper treatment. Among the comorbid conditions diabetes mellitus were accounted the most (11.3%). Among the hypertensive class, it was found that diuretics were most prescribed drug followed
by CCB’s, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor antagonists, B-Blockers and a-B adrenergic blockers.

ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME – ANGIOTENSIN II RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS – ANTIHYPERTENSIVE –
B-BLOCKERS – CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS – DIASTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE – HYPERTENSION – SYSTOLIC BLOOD PRESSURE



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